Art is the history of any activity or product made by humans in a visual form for aesthetical or communicative purpose, expressing ideas, emotions or, in general, a worldview. Over time, visual art has been classified in diverse ways, from the medieval distinction between liberal arts and mechanical arts to the modern distinction between fine arts and applied arts, or to the many contemporary definitions, which define art as a manifestation of human creativity.
The subsequent expansion of the list of principal parts in the 20th century reached to nine: architecture, dance, sculpture, music, painting, poetry (described broadly as a form of literature with aesthetic purpose or function, which also includes the distinct genres of theatre and narrative), film, photography and graphic arts.
Visual arts are art forms such as ceramic, drawing, painting, sculpture, printmaking, design, craft, photography, video, filmmaking and architecture. Manu artistic disciplines (performing arts, conceptual art, textile arts) involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types. Also included within the visual art is the applied art such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.
Decorative art or art deco is an influential visual art design style that first appeared in France just before World War I and began flourishing internationally in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s before its popularity waned after World War II. Decorative art emerged from the interwar period when rapid industrialization was transforming culture. One of its major attributes is an embrace of technology.
It was a globally popular style and affected many areas of design. It was used widely in consumer products such as automobiles, furniture, cookware, china, textiles, jewelry, clocks, and electronic items such as radio, telephones, and jukeboxes. It also influences architecture, interior design, industrial design, fashion, graphic arts, and buildings. One influence in the building sector immerse during that time is Craftsman Style.
American Craft Style
American craft style or The American arts and craft movement is an American domestic architectural, interior design, landscape design, applied arts, and decorative arts style and lifestyle philosophy that began in the years of the 19th century. As a comprehensive design and art movement, it remained popular into the 1930s. However, in decorative arts and architectural design, it has continued with numerous revivals and restoration projects through present times. This style, along with a wide variety of related but conceptually distinct European design movements, developed out of the British arts and craft movement going on since the 1860s.
The movement naturally emphasizes handwork over mass-production with the problem that expensive materials and costly skilled labor restricted acquisition of arts and craft productions to a wealthy clientele, often ironically derided as “champagne socialist”. In the June of 1897, a Society called The Society of Arts immerses. The Society focused on the relationship of artist and designers to the world of commerce, and on high-quality workmanship.
In the United States, the arts and craft style incorporate locally into the handcrafted wood, glass, and metal work creating objects that were both simple and elegant. In architecture, reacting to both Victorian architectural opulence and increasingly common mass-produced housing, the style incorporated a visible sturdy structure of clean lines and natural materials. Several developments in the American domestic architecture of the period are traceable not only to changes in taste and style but also to the shift from the upper- to middle-class patronage.
The American Victorian typically took the form of a two-story square house with a hip roof disguised behind a variety of two-storied bays, with an assortment of cables as well as octagonal or round turrets and wraparound porches presenting a complex facade. Typically, the basic square house was also complemented by a back wing complete with its own entrances, and a stairwell that housed the kitchen, pantries, and scullery on the first floor and the servants’ quarters on the second.